Harvard Referencing Generator (2024)

Harvard Referencing Generator (1)

Harvard referencing is a widely used referencing style (especially in UK universities) that includes author-date in-text citations and a complete reference list at the end of the text.

There are many versions of Harvard referencing style. Our guidance reflects the rules laid out in Cite Them Right: The Essential Referencing Guide (12th edition) by Richard Pears and Graham Shields.

Scribbr’s free reference generator can create flawless Harvard style references for a wide variety of sources.

  • Cite a webpage
  • Cite a book
  • Cite a journal article

Harvard reference entries

The basics

The reference list appears at the end of your text, listing full information on all the sources you cited. A Harvard reference entry generally mentions the author, date, title, publisher or publication that contains the source, and URL or DOI if relevant.

You’ll include different details depending on the type of source you’re referencing, as some information is only relevant to certain kinds of publications.

Reference examples

The format of a reference entry varies based on source type. Apart from the information included, formatting details such as the use of italics also depend on what you’re referencing. The tabs below show formats and examples for the most commonly referenced source types.

FormatAuthor last name, Initial. (Year) Page title. Available at: URL (Accessed: Day Month Year).
ExampleCaulfield, J. (2022) What is a pronoun? | Definition, types & examples. Available at: https://www.scribbr.co.uk/nouns/using-pronouns/ (Accessed: 27 October 2022).

Missing information

The suggested information won’t necessarily all be available for the source you’re referencing. To learn how to work around missing information in your references, check the table below.

Missing elementWhat to doExample
No authorList the organisation that published the source in the author position.

If there’s no organisation to list, start the reference entry with the source title instead.

Scribbr (2022) What is a pronoun? | Definition, types & examples. Available at: https://www.scribbr.co.uk/nouns/using-pronouns/ (Accessed: 27 October 2022).

What is a pronoun? | Definition, types & examples (2022) Available at: https://www.scribbr.co.uk/nouns/using-pronouns/ (Accessed: 27 October 2022).

No dateWrite ‘no date’ where the date would usually go. If the source is online, still include an access date.Scribbr (no date) What is a noun? | Definition, types & examples. Available at: https://www.scribbr.co.uk/category/nouns/ (Accessed: 27 October 2022).
No titleInclude the URL in place of the title.Scribbr (2022) https://www.scribbr.co.uk/category/nouns/ (Accessed: 27 October 2022).

Harvard Referencing Generator

Generate accurate Harvard style references in seconds

Get started

Harvard in-text citations

The basics

Harvard referencing style uses author-date in-text citations, which means including the author’s last name and the publication year of the source, like this: (Smith, 2019). This citation points the reader to the corresponding entry in the reference list.

Always include an in-text citation when you quote or paraphrase a source. Include a page number or range when available and relevant to indicate which part of the source you’re drawing on. Using material from other sources without acknowledging them is plagiarism.

Citation examples

In-text citations can be parenthetical (author and date both in parentheses) or narrative (author name mentioned in the sentence, date in parentheses). A source may also have more than one author. If there are four or more, name only the first, followed by “et al.

AuthorParenthetical exampleNarrative example
1 author(Smith, 2022, p. 15)Smith (2022, p. 15)
2 authors(Smith and Zhang, 2022, p. 15)Smith and Zhang (2022, p. 15)
3 authors(Smith, Zhang and Romein, 2022, p. 15)Smith, Zhang and Romein (2022, p. 15)
4+ authors(Smith et al., 2022, p. 15)Smith et al. (2022, p. 15)
Organisation(Cancer Research UK, 2022)Cancer Research UK (2022)

Missing information

As with reference entries, it’s good to be aware of how to deal with missing information in your in-text citations.

Missing elementWhat to doExample
No authorList the organisation that published the source as the author.

If there’s no organisation to list, use the source title instead.

(Scribbr, 2022)

(What is a pronoun? | Definition, types & examples, 2022)

No dateReplace the date with the words ‘no date’.(Scribbr, no date)
No page numberUse an alternate locator such as a paragraph number.

You can also leave out the locator if you don’t need to point to a specific part of the source.

(Scribbr, 2022, para. 4)

(Scribbr, 2022)

Harvard Referencing Generator

Generate accurate Harvard style references in seconds

Get started

Scribbr offers a variety of other tools and resources to help with referencing and other aspects of academic writing:

  • Referencing generator: Scribbr’s free referencing generator can also create flawless citations in other styles, such as APA and MLA.
  • Free plagiarism checker: Detect and fix plagiarism issues with the most accurate plagiarism checker available, powered by Turnitin.
  • Proofreading services: Make sure your writing is clear and professional with the help of an expert editor.
  • Guide to Harvard style: Understand the rules of Harvard referencing style, and learn how to cite a variety of sources.
  • Guides and videos: Explore our Knowledge Base, our YouTube channel, and a wide variety of other educational resources covering topics ranging from language to statistics.
Harvard Referencing Generator (2024)
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Golda Nolan II

Last Updated:

Views: 5632

Rating: 4.8 / 5 (58 voted)

Reviews: 81% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Golda Nolan II

Birthday: 1998-05-14

Address: Suite 369 9754 Roberts Pines, West Benitaburgh, NM 69180-7958

Phone: +522993866487

Job: Sales Executive

Hobby: Worldbuilding, Shopping, Quilting, Cooking, Homebrewing, Leather crafting, Pet

Introduction: My name is Golda Nolan II, I am a thoughtful, clever, cute, jolly, brave, powerful, splendid person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.